FOREIGN PROJECTS

Turkey

One of the main buyers of Russian natural gas

 

Turkey is one of the main buyers of Russian natural gas. Today, our countries are directly linked by the Blue Stream and TurkStream gas pipelines.

Figures and facts

In 2018, Gazprom delivered 24 billion cubic meters of gas to Turkey.

Overall length of the Blue Stream gas pipeline: 1,213 kilometers. Design capacity: 16 billion cubic meters per year.

Length of the TurkStream gas pipeline: over 930 kilometers. Design capacity: 31.5 billion cubic meters per year.

Development of cooperation

Russian-Turkish cooperation in the gas sector dates back to 1984 when the Governments of the Turkish Republic and the Soviet Union signed the Agreement on natural gas supplies to Turkey.

The first long-term contract for gas deliveries to Turkey was inked in 1986 with Turkey’s Botas.

Beregovaya compressor station, Blue Stream gas pipeline
Beregovaya compressor station, Blue Stream gas pipeline

Beregovaya compressor station, Blue Stream gas pipeline

In December 1997, Russia and Turkey signed an Intergovernmental Agreement. Within the framework of that Agreement, Gazprom and Botas entered into a 25-year commercial contract for 365 billion cubic meters of gas to be delivered to Turkey via the transit-free Blue Stream gas pipeline.

The construction of the offshore section of Blue Stream was launched in September 2001 and fully completed in May 2002.

In December 2002, the Blue Stream gas pipeline was successfully commissioned. Commercial supplies of gas via the pipeline started in February 2003.

Blue Stream gas pipeline. Samsun, Turkey
Blue Stream gas pipeline. Samsun, Turkey

Blue Stream gas pipeline. Samsun, Turkey

In December 2014, Gazprom and Botas signed a Memorandum of Understanding to build TurkStream, a new transit-free gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey.

Russkaya compressor station, TurkStream gas pipeline
Russkaya compressor station, TurkStream gas pipeline

Russkaya compressor station, TurkStream gas pipeline

In May 2017, construction of TurkStream’s offshore section was commenced. In November 2018, offshore pipelaying was completed. January 2020 saw the start of gas supplies via TurkStream.

Connection of offshore and onshore parts of TurkStream gas pipeline
Connection of offshore and onshore parts of TurkStream gas pipeline

Connection of offshore and onshore parts of TurkStream gas pipeline

On-the-spot reports and photos