Figures and facts
In 2018, Gazprom delivered 24 billion cubic meters of gas to Turkey.
Overall length of the Blue Stream gas pipeline: 1,213 kilometers. Design capacity: 16 billion cubic meters per year.
Length of the TurkStream gas pipeline: over 930 kilometers. Design capacity: 31.5 billion cubic meters per year.
Development of cooperation
Russian-Turkish cooperation in the gas sector dates back to 1984 when the Governments of the Turkish Republic and the Soviet Union signed the Agreement on natural gas supplies to Turkey.
The first long-term contract for gas deliveries to Turkey was inked in 1986 with Turkey’s Botas.
In December 1997, Russia and Turkey signed an Intergovernmental Agreement. Within the framework of that Agreement, Gazprom and Botas entered into a 25-year commercial contract for 365 billion cubic meters of gas to be delivered to Turkey via the transit-free Blue Stream gas pipeline.
The construction of the offshore section of Blue Stream was launched in September 2001 and fully completed in May 2002.
In December 2002, the Blue Stream gas pipeline was successfully commissioned. Commercial supplies of gas via the pipeline started in February 2003.
In December 2014, Gazprom and Botas signed a Memorandum of Understanding to build TurkStream, a new transit-free gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey.