GAS PIPELINE

TurkStream

Gas exports to Turkey and southern and southeastern Europe

 

 
billion cubic meters of gas per year
gas pipeline’s design capacity
31.5 
billion cubic meters of gas per year
gas pipeline’s design capacity

TurkStream is a new export gas pipeline stretching from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea. The first of the pipeline’s two strings is intended for Turkish consumers, while the second one is delivering gas to southern and southeastern Europe.

Blue Stream gas pipeline facilities
Blue Stream gas pipeline facilities

Blue Stream gas pipeline facilities

Throughput

TurkStream has an aggregate throughput capacity of 31.5 billion cubic meters (15.75 billion cubic meters per each of the two strings).

Russkaya compressor station
Russkaya compressor station

Russkaya compressor station

Route

The starting point for feeding gas into TurkStream is the Russkaya compressor station (CS), which forms part of Russia's Unified Gas Supply System and is located near Anapa. The CS maintains the pressure required for transmitting gas along the pipeline's two strings through more than 930 kilometers up to the Turkish coast where gas enters the receiving terminal.

Project history

On December 1, 2014, Gazprom and Botas Petroleum Pipeline Corporation signed the Memorandum of Understanding to construct a gas pipeline running across the Black Sea toward Turkey.

Alexey Miller and Mehmet Konuk, Chairman of Board of Directors of Botas, signing Memorandum of Understanding to construct gas pipeline across Black Sea toward Turkey. Photo by RIA Novosti
Alexey Miller and Mehmet Konuk, Chairman of Board of Directors of Botas, signing Memorandum of Understanding to construct gas pipeline across Black Sea toward Turkey. Photo by RIA Novosti

Alexey Miller and Mehmet Konuk, Chairman of Board of Directors of Botas, signing Memorandum of Understanding to construct gas pipeline across Black Sea toward Turkey. Photo by RIA Novosti

In September 2016, Gazprom received first permits for the TurkStream project from the Turkish authorities.

Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkish Republic, and Alexey Miller flying over planned route of TurkStream’s onshore section. Photo by Anadolu Agency
Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkish Republic, and Alexey Miller flying over planned route of TurkStream’s onshore section. Photo by Anadolu Agency

Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkish Republic, and Alexey Miller flying over planned route of TurkStream’s onshore section. Photo by Anadolu Agency

On October 10, 2016, the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Turkish Republic inked the Agreement on the TurkStream project.

Signing of Agreement on TurkStream project between Government of Russian Federation and Government of Turkish Republic, October 10, 2016. Photo by RIA Novosti
Signing of Agreement on TurkStream project between Government of Russian Federation and Government of Turkish Republic, October 10, 2016. Photo by RIA Novosti

Signing of Agreement on TurkStream project between Government of Russian Federation and Government of Turkish Republic, October 10, 2016. Photo by RIA Novosti

In December 2016, South Stream Transport B.V. and Allseas Group S.A. signed the contract to build the first string of the TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section with an option for laying the second string.

In February 2017, South Stream Transport B.V. and Allseas Group signed a contract to build the second string of the TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section.

On May 7, 2017, construction of the TurkStream gas pipeline was commenced in the Black Sea near the Russian coast.

Audacia pipelaying vessel
Audacia pipelaying vessel

Audacia pipelaying vessel

Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline
Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline

Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline

On November 19, 2018, pipelaying in the Black Sea was completed.

January 2020 saw the start of gas supplies via TurkStream.

Grand opening ceremony for TurkStream gas pipeline attended by Vladimir Putin, President of Russian Federation, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Republic of Turkey, Aleksandar Vucic, President of Republic of Serbia, Boyko Borissov, Prime Minister of Republic of Bulgaria, Alexander Novak, Minister of Energy of Russian Federation, Fatih Donmez, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey and Alexey Miller. Photo by RIA Novosti
Grand opening ceremony for TurkStream gas pipeline attended by Vladimir Putin, President of Russian Federation, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Republic of Turkey, Aleksandar Vucic, President of Republic of Serbia, Boyko Borissov, Prime Minister of Republic of Bulgaria, Alexander Novak, Minister of Energy of Russian Federation, Fatih Donmez, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey and Alexey Miller. Photo by RIA Novosti

Grand opening ceremony for TurkStream gas pipeline attended by Vladimir Putin, President of Russian Federation, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Republic of Turkey, Aleksandar Vucic, President of Republic of Serbia, Boyko Borissov, Prime Minister of Republic of Bulgaria, Alexander Novak, Minister of Energy of Russian Federation, Fatih Donmez, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey and Alexey Miller. Photo by RIA Novosti

On-the-spot reports and photos