Nord Stream 2 is a new export gas pipeline running from Russia to Europe across the Baltic Sea.
The decision to build Nord Steam 2 was based on the successful experience in building and operating the Nord Stream gas pipeline. The new pipeline, similar to the one in operation, will establish a direct link between Gazprom and the European consumers. It will also ensure a highly reliable supply of Russian gas to Europe.
This is particularly important now when Europe sees a decline in domestic gas production and an increasing demand for imported gas.
The Nord Stream 2 project is implemented by the Nord Stream 2 AG project company.
The entry point of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline into the Baltic Sea will be the Ust-Luga area of the Leningrad Region. Then the pipeline will stretch across the Baltic Sea. Its exit point in Germany will be in the Greifswald area close to the exit point of Nord Stream.
The route covers over 1,200 kilometers.
The total capacity of two strings of Nord Stream 2 is 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year. The aggregated design capacity of Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2 is therefore 110 billion cubic meters of gas per year.
In October 2012, the Nord Stream shareholders examined preliminary results of the feasibility study for the third and fourth strings of the gas pipeline and came to the conclusion that their construction was economically and technically feasible. Later on, the construction project for the third and fourth strings came to be known as Nord Stream 2.
In April 2017, Nord Stream 2 AG signed the financing agreements for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project with ENGIE, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell, Uniper, and Wintershall. These five European energy companies will provide long-term financing for 50 per cent of the total cost of the project.
In September 2018, pipelaying operations commenced in the Baltic Sea.
In September 2021, the construction of Nord Stream 2 was completed.
Nord Stream 2 is being built with the use of reliable technologies proven in the Nord Stream construction project. The successful experience of Nord Stream AG, which constructed and now operates Nord Stream, provides additional guarantees that the Nord Stream 2 project will comply with the highest environmental standards.