GAS PIPELINE

TurkStream

Gas exports to Turkey and southern and southeastern Europe

 

billion cubic meters of gas per year
31.5
billion cubic meters of gas per year

TurkStream will substantially enhance the reliability of gas supply to Turkey, as well as to southern and southeastern Europe

Turkey is one of the largest consumers of Russian gas. At present, Russia supplies gas to Turkey via the Blue Stream and Trans-Balkan gas pipelines.

Blue Stream gas pipeline facilities
Blue Stream gas pipeline facilities

Blue Stream gas pipeline facilities

TurkStream is a new export gas pipeline stretching from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea. The first string of the pipeline is intended for Turkish consumers, while the second string will deliver gas to southern and southeastern Europe.

It is planned to bring the gas pipeline into operation in late 2019.

Throughput

The first and second strings of TurkStream will have the throughput capacity of 15.75 billion cubic meters each.

Russkaya compressor station
Russkaya compressor station

Russkaya compressor station

Route

TurkStream’s offshore section runs for over 930 kilometers from the Russkaya CS near Anapa across the Black Sea to the Turkish seaboard, with an onshore string for gas transit to be laid up to Turkey’s border with neighboring countries.

Layout of TurkStream gas pipeline route
Layout of TurkStream gas pipeline route

Layout of TurkStream gas pipeline route

Project history

On December 1, 2014, Gazprom and Botas Petroleum Pipeline Corporation signed the Memorandum of Understanding to construct a gas pipeline running across the Black Sea toward Turkey.

Alexey Miller and Mehmet Konuk, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Botas, signing Memorandum of Understanding to construct gas pipeline across Black Sea toward Turkey. Photo by RIA Novosti
Alexey Miller and Mehmet Konuk, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Botas, signing Memorandum of Understanding to construct gas pipeline across Black Sea toward Turkey. Photo by RIA Novosti

Alexey Miller and Mehmet Konuk, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Botas, signing Memorandum of Understanding to construct gas pipeline across Black Sea toward Turkey. Photo by RIA Novosti

In September 2016, Gazprom received first permits for the TurkStream project from the Turkish authorities.

Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkish Republic, and Alexey Miller flying over planned route of TurkStream’s onshore section. Photo by Anadolu Agency
Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkish Republic, and Alexey Miller flying over planned route of TurkStream’s onshore section. Photo by Anadolu Agency

Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkish Republic, and Alexey Miller flying over planned route of TurkStream’s onshore section. Photo by Anadolu Agency

On October 10, 2016, the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Turkish Republic inked the Agreement on the TurkStream project.

Signing of Agreement on TurkStream project between Government of Russian Federation and Government of Turkish Republic, October 10, 2016. Photo by RIA Novosti
Signing of Agreement on TurkStream project between Government of Russian Federation and Government of Turkish Republic, October 10, 2016. Photo by RIA Novosti

Signing of Agreement on TurkStream project between Government of Russian Federation and Government of Turkish Republic, October 10, 2016. Photo by RIA Novosti

In December 2016, South Stream Transport B.V. and Allseas Group S.A. signed the contract to build the first string of the TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section with an option for laying the second string.

In February 2017, South Stream Transport B.V. and Allseas Group signed a contract to build the second string of the TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section.

On May 7, 2017, construction of the TurkStream gas pipeline was commenced in the Black Sea near the Russian coast.

The Audacia pipe-laying vessel
The Audacia pipe-laying vessel

The Audacia pipe-laying vessel

Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline
Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline

Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline

On November 19, 2018, construction of the gas pipeline’s offshore section was completed.

On-the-spot reports and photos