Environmental impacts

Please direct questions relating to the Company’s Environmental Policy to Gazprom’s Press Service.

+7 812 609-34-21

Gazprom operates both in densely-populated Russian regions and in pristine areas across Eastern Siberia, the Far East, the Extreme North, and the Arctic shelf. No matter the region, the Company seeks to minimize its environmental impacts. To that end, Gazprom implements numerous environmental measures.

In 2016, Gazprom was for the fifth time named the best Russian energy company in terms of corporate climate reporting and greenhouse gas reduction strategy by the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) international organization.

Also in 2016, Gazprom once again made it to the top of the Environmental Responsibility Rating of Oil and Gas Companies in Russia compiled by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Creon with the backing of the National Rating Agency, the United Nations Development Programme, the Global Environment Facility, and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation.

In the same year, Gazprom was announced the winner of the All-Russian Green Development – Evolution Awards 2016 in the Best Green Tech Solution category. The contest was organized by the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. The Company was awarded for developing and introducing the best affordable technologies that ensure high energy efficiency and cut specific greenhouse gas emissions.

Figures and facts

%
Reduction in total air emissions, 2012–2016
%
Reduction in waste generation, 2012–2016
%
Reduction in wastewater discharge into surface water bodies, 2012–2016

Greenhouse gas emissions at Gazprom’s facilities fell by 1.4 per cent in 2016 compared to 2015.

In 2016, 42,450 hectares of land were reclaimed, exceeding the figure for 2015 by 133 per cent.

Land degradation by the Group decreased by 53.44 per cent in 2016 against 2015.

Over the course of 2016, the Group brought into operation the following facilities:

  • 28 exhaust emissions capture and mitigation facilities with the hourly capacity of 3,331,190 cubic meters;
  • 999 wastewater treatment facilities with the daily capacity of 156,000 cubic meters;
  • 14 waste treatment and disposal facilities with the annual capacity of 1,407,060 tons.

Framework

Air

Air protection is the most significant and multifaceted of the Gazprom Group’s environmental activities.

The Group’s corporate policy for climate protection takes into account Russia’s Energy Strategy until 2030 and the Environmental Doctrine of the Russian Federation. Gazprom is represented in the International Gas Union’s Programme Committee for Sustainable Development and is an active member of the IGU research group on greenhouse gas emissions.

Industrial environmental monitoring of emissions and discharges

Industrial environmental monitoring of emissions and discharges

Since 1992, Gazprom has worked to reduce emissions of the main greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide and methane), making efforts to develop its corporate system of greenhouse gas and pollutant monitoring, accounting and inventorying, as well as to retrofit and modernize its facilities. In addition, the Group is stepping up the utilization of associated petroleum gas (APG). Just ten years ago, more than half of its APG was flared.

The Company is actively expanding the gas grid coverage in Russian regions by promoting a wider use of natural gas, the most eco-friendly fuel of our time.

The use of natural gas as a vehicle fuel is spreading. From an environmental perspective, gas is on average five times more efficient than gasoline and diesel fuel. The expansion of the NGV market is a top priority for the Gazprom Group in Russia. Gazprom implements numerous measures to convert vehicles to natural gas in Russian regions and in Europe, gradually increasing its gas filling network and the share of NGVs in its vehicle fleet.

Land

Land protection is one of Gazprom’s environmental priorities, as land is exposed to the largest impacts during hydrocarbon production, transportation and processing.

Mobile laboratory at compressor station

Mobile laboratory at compressor station

Natural landscape

Gazprom strives to minimize the area affected by its operations through a set of measures: modular construction of production facilities, well clustering, laying of multi-string pipeline systems within a single routing, and introduction of horizontal and directional drilling. Adoption of advanced drilling techniques, which are spreading across the Gazprom Group with every passing year, helps cut industrial waste and reduce waste disposal areas, as well as prevent soil disturbance and pollution during operations.

Permafrost

Gazprom preserves the integrity of permafrost areas by limiting site development, construction and assemblage operations to winter periods without disturbing the upper soil, which defrosts in summer. Other methods are used as well. For example, natural gas pumped via the Bovanenkovo – Ukhta gas pipeline is cooled down to minus 2–10 degrees Celsius. The pipes are thermally insulated and domestically produced.

Achimov deposits of Urengoyskoye field

Achimov deposits of Urengoyskoye field

Cleanup and reclamation

The Gazprom Group adopts innovative soil treatment methods and biotechnologies to remove hydrocarbon pollutants from soils and restore disturbed land. The technologies take climatic conditions into account and contribute to cutting costs and accelerating soil reclamation processes.

In Yamal, for instance, Gazprom and Gazprom Neft introduced efficient soil treatment methods based on innovative biodegradation products that contain microorganisms (hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria that can be used for biological treatment of land at low temperatures).

A plant-based treatment procedure for oil-polluted soils (phytoremediation) is also widely used at the Gazprom Group. Grasses with branched root systems offer an optimal environment for hydrocarbons to decay due to better gas exchange in soil and a larger amount of biologically active substances produced by plant roots. Depending on the natural and climate conditions, balanced grass mixtures are used, providing reliable biological indicators of soil reclamation.

Comprehensive water treatment facility at Makhachkalinsky gas pipeline operation center

Comprehensive water treatment facility at Makhachkalinsky gas pipeline operation center

The Group often applies reclamation measures to land that was damaged decades earlier. To that end, Gazprom Geologorazvedka initiated a reclamation campaign at the Tambey trading station in the Yamal Peninsula. Many hectares of the coastal line were cleared of production waste left in Ob Bay since the Soviet times. Scrap metal and debris were collected for further utilization.

Water

The key to reducing the impact of production facilities on water resources is lowering water withdrawal and improving water treatment procedures.

Industrial environmental monitoring of all components of marine ecosystem. Analysis of seawater and bottom sediments at Dzhubga – Lazarevskoye – Sochi gas pipeline

Industrial environmental monitoring of all components of marine ecosystem. Analysis of seawater and bottom sediments at Dzhubga – Lazarevskoye – Sochi gas pipeline

Many of Gazprom’s subsidiaries and organizations play an important social role by supplying water to and accepting sewage from population centers for processing at their water treatment facilities.

Biodiversity

Gazprom developed and adopted a Biodiversity Preservation Program. The Company takes a large number of special environmental measures for fish stock protection and reproduction, as well as land (including coastal areas) cleanup and improvement, and provides financial support to specialized organizations.

Inhabitant of Gydan State Natural Reserve (Shokalsky Island)

Inhabitant of Gydan State Natural Reserve (Shokalsky Island)

Over the past years, the Gazprom Group released several millions of fingerlings into the sea. Furthermore, fish protection devices are used during the construction and operation of offshore facilities, such as the Prirazlomnaya platform.

Other areas

Industrial and residential waste disposal is associated with high environmental risks. Therefore, the Gazprom Group strives to adopt state-of-the-art practices and technologies to minimize waste. The Group constantly works to lessen the amount of its accumulated waste.

Gas pumped from pipeline section undergoing repair into operating section

Gas pumped from pipeline section undergoing repair into operating section

Gazprom pays great attention to eco-friendly handling of oil sludge. Oil sludge is oil-containing waste consisting of oil products, water, sand or clay. It is produced as a result of refining and pipeline cleaning.