Gazprom consistently enhances its energy efficiency, including through a wider use of advanced technologies and equipment, thereby reducing costs and mitigating environmental impacts.
The overall coordination of the Company’s energy saving activities is carried out by the Coordinating Committee for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency.
Energy saving management structure at Gazprom
The Company has adopted the Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Concept for 2011–2020, which outlines the following objectives:
- achieving the highest possible potential in energy saving across all of the Company’s activities, through the government support for Gazprom’s energy saving policy and the improvement of energy saving management procedures;
- enhancing energy efficiency across Gazprom’s subsidiaries and organizations through innovative technologies and equipment;
- reducing human-caused impacts on the environment.
Fuel and energy saving
According to the Concept, Gazprom’s technically feasible energy saving potential is no less than 28.2 million tons of fuel equivalent for the 2011–2020 period. It is planned to cut down gas consumption for own technological needs by at least 11.4 per cent and greenhouse gas emissions by at least 48.6 million tons of CO2 equivalent.
Between 2011 and 2015, the actual savings in fuel and energy stood at 12.5 million tons of fuel equivalent, including 10.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 1,258.1 million kWh of electricity, and 1 million Gcal of heat.
The biggest portion of fuel and energy savings was in the long-distance gas transmission segment thanks to a large variety of energy saving measures.Results of Gazprom’s Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Program in 2015
|Activity||Natural gas, million cubic meters||Electricity, million kWh||Heat, thousand Gcal|
|Gas, condensate and oil production||315.7||14.9||15.4|
|Underground gas storage||11.7||0.9||—|
|Gas, condensate and oil processing||17.0||36.8||127.8|
|Total, thousand tons of fuel equivalent||2,571.0||84.7||29.3|
In 2015, Gazprom’s actual fuel and energy consumption during long-distance transmission of 1 million cubic meters of gas per kilometer totaled 26.3 kilograms of fuel equivalent, which was 1.4 per cent lower than in 2014 and 27 per cent lower than the target level set by the Russian Federal Tariff Service.
Fuel and energy savings in 2010–2015
Energy efficiency projects
In 2015, the Company launched several innovative projects with the aim of improving corporate energy efficiency. Those projects are as follows:
- recovery of waste heat from compressor stations (Gazprom Transgaz Yugorsk);
- deployment of turbo-expanders at gas distribution stations (Gazprom Transgaz Tchaikovsky);
- introduction of mobile compressor stations for maintaining gas volumes at the same level during repair operations;
- use of stand-alone power plants to provide remote facilities with electricity.
Renewable energy sources
Gazprom supports the use of renewables where it is economically and technically feasible, namely in remote or technologically isolated areas.
At present, the Company operates more than 100 renewables-based stand-alone power systems, including ones with solar panels and wind turbines.
Use of renewables at production well
Vehicle fuel alternatives
Gazprom is actively engaged in the conversion of vehicles to alternative fuels, which is a promising business line. As the most universal and affordable fuel, natural gas has the potential to substitute petroleum products. It has ecological and economic advantages over conventional vehicle fuels.
Gazprom’s CNG filling station
In 2015, the Company increased its domestic sales of natural gas as a vehicle fuel by 7.3 per cent, up to 436 million cubic meters. Its gas filling network expanded to 209 stations by late 2015.
In Europe (Germany, Czech Republic, and Poland), Gazprom and its subsidiaries owned 52 gas filling stations by late 2015.
Associated petroleum gas
The measures aimed at reducing (stopping) associated petroleum gas (APG) flaring are highly important to saving energy resources and cutting greenhouse gas emissions.
Gazprom Group implements investment projects for APG on-site utilization with the purpose of attaining the APG utilization level of no less than 95 per cent (pursuant to the Russian Government’s Order No. 7 dated January 8, 2009).
In 2015, the level of beneficial use of APG by Gazprom’s gas production companies (including Tomskgazprom) was 95.6 per cent, by Gazprom Neft Group – 79.6 per cent, and by Sakhalin Energy – 96.1 per cent.