The Yamal Peninsula is a strategic oil- and gasbearing region of Russia. Commercial development of fields onshore and offshore Yamal is crucial for securing Russia's gas production build-up beyond 2010.
New gas production centers and a unified gas transmission system are rapidly evolving in eastern Russia. Together, they will secure long-term gas supplies to consumers in Eastern Siberia and the Far East and help establish a new major route to export Russian gas to Asia-Pacific.
The Blue Stream gas pipeline is designed to transit Russian natural gas to Turkey across the Black Sea bypassing third countries. The pipeline will supplement the existing gas transmission corridor from Russia to Turkey crossing the territory of Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria.
In order to deliver gas from the Bovanenkovo field with projected production of 115 bcmpa (140 bcmpa in the long term with account of the Neocomian-Jurassic deposits development), it is planned to construct a multi-line gas transmission system that would connect the Yamal Peninsula and central Russia.
The Dzhubga – Lazarevskoye – Sochi gas pipeline construction will ensure continuous and reliable gas supply to the Caucasian coastal resort area of the Black Sea and will additionally improve gas supply to Sochi – the host city of 2014 Winter Olympic Games.
The gas pipeline stretches for 171.6 kilometers with 90 per cent offshore.
The Nord Stream gas pipeline (Nord Stream) is a fundamentally new route for Russian gas exports to Europe. The target markets for gas supply via Nord Stream are Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, France, Denmark and other countries.
The Pochinki – Gryazovets gas pipeline is designed to raise the reliability and flexibility of Russia’s Unified Gas Supply System in the Northwestern and Central regions of the country.
Initially, the Pochinki – Gryazovets pipeline will secure additional gas supplies to the Northwestern region and, inter alia, convey gas to the Nord Stream gas pipeline. Further on, when natural gas deliveries from Yamal are started, the gas pipeline will be switched to reverse flow and gas will be rerouted to the Central region.
The Eastern Gas Program prioritizes, inter alia, constructing and developing the Sakhalin — Khabarovsk — Vladivostok gas transmission system to be connected with a gas pipeline from the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
In particular, the Urengoy gas transmission hub expansion and the Northern Tyumen Regions (SRTO) — Torzhok gas trunkline construction are in progress today in order to withdraw additional gas volumes from the Nadym — Pur — Taz region.
The transnational Yamal – Europe gas pipeline runs across four countries: Russia, Belarus, Poland and Germany. The current overall length of the pipeline exceeds 2,000 km. There are 14 compressor stations operational, of which three are in Russia, five – in Belarus, five – in Poland and one – in Germany.