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- Yamal megaproject
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The Yamal Peninsula is a strategic oil- and gasbearing region of Russia. Commercial development of fields onshore and offshore Yamal is crucial for securing Russia's gas production build-up beyond 2010.
In order to deliver gas from the Bovanenkovo field with projected production of 115 bcmpa (140 bcmpa in the long term with account of the Neocomian-Jurassic deposits development), it is planned to construct a multi-line gas transmission system that would connect the Yamal Peninsula and central Russia.
The September 2007 Order by the Russian Federation Industry and Energy Ministry approved the state-run Development Program for an integrated gas production, transportation and supply system in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, taking into account potential gas exports to China and other Asia-Pacific countries (Eastern Gas Program). Gazprom was appointed by the Russian Federation Government as the Program execution coordinator.
Pursuant to the Eastern Gas Program it is planned to establish gas production centers in the Krasnoyarsk Krai, the Irkutsk Oblast, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the Sakhalin Oblast and the Kamchatka Krai. The Program stipulates that simultaneously with gas production centers and the unified gas transmission system formation, gas processing and gas chemical industries will be developed including the capacities for helium and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production.
The Eastern Gas Program prioritizes, inter alia, constructing and developing the Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok gas transmission system to be connected with a gas pipeline from the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
The Blue Stream gas pipeline is designed to transit Russian natural gas to Turkey across the Black Sea bypassing third countries. The pipeline will supplement the existing gas transmission corridor from Russia to Turkey crossing the territory of Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria.
The gas pipeline runs via Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Russia. It is some 5,000 kilometers long.
The Dzhubga – Lazarevskoye – Sochi gas pipeline construction will ensure continuous and reliable gas supply to the Caucasian coastal resort area of the Black Sea and will additionally improve gas supply to Sochi – the host city of 2014 Winter Olympic Games.
The gas pipeline stretches for 171.6 kilometers with 90 per cent offshore.
The Gryazovets-Vyborg gas pipeline is intended for securing gas deliveries to the Nord Stream gas pipeline and supplying consumers of Russia's Northwestern region.
The Kasimovskoye UGS – Voskresensk CS gas pipeline was commissioned on October 23, 2009 in the aim of securing maximum reliability of natural gas supplies to Moscow and the Moscow Oblast. Owing to the maximum daily gas withdrawal from the Kasimovskoye and Uvyazovskoye UGS facilities (aggregate active gas capacity equals 10 billion cubic meters, i.e. nearly as much as Moscow consumes in the cold weather time), the new gas pipeline will additionally supply consumers with up to 130 million cubic meters of natural gas per day during the autumn-winter period.
The Plan providing for an increase in natural gas supplies to the Kaliningrad Oblast up to 2.5 billion cubic meters per annum by 2010 incorporates three investment projects:
- Increasing the throughput capacity of the Minsk – Vilnius – Kaunas – Kaliningrad gas pipeline up to 2.5 billion cubic meters per annum.
- Constructing the Kaliningrad underground gas storage (UGS) facility.
- Expanding the Krasnoznamensk compressor station (CS).
The Murmansk – Volkhov gas pipeline will make it possible to deliver gas from the Shtokman field to consumers in northwestern Russia and to export gas via the North Stream project.
The Nord Stream gas pipeline (Nord Stream) is a fundamentally new route for Russian gas exports to Europe. The target markets for gas supply via Nord Stream are Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, France, Denmark and other countries.
The Pochinki – Gryazovets gas pipeline is designed to raise the reliability and flexibility of Russia’s Unified Gas Supply System in the Northwestern and Central regions of the country.
Initially, the Pochinki – Gryazovets pipeline will secure additional gas supplies to the Northwestern region and, inter alia, convey gas to the Nord Stream gas pipeline. Further on, when natural gas deliveries from Yamal are started, the gas pipeline will be switched to reverse flow and gas will be rerouted to the Central region.
The Power of Siberia will become a unified gas transmission system (GTS) for the Irkutsk and Yakutia gas production centers and convey gas from these centers to Vladivostok via Khabarovsk.
Like other Gazprom’s projects the Power of Siberia-2 gas pipeline construction will pay special attention to the environmental aspects. All possible gas pipeline routes will be reviewed during the route planning. The ultimate route selection will depend on the possible environmental impacts as well as on the project’s economics.
Enabling to supply additional natural gas volumes to Russia’s central and southern regions, the Southern Corridor gas pipeline system will develop industries and utilities, intensify gasification and ensure uninterrupted gas supplies into the South Stream gas trunkline.
The total length of the gas transmission system will account for 2,446 kilometers. The project requires that 10 compressor stations are constructed. The project execution period is from September 2010 to December 2019.
The project is executed within 8 Russian Federation constituents: the Nizhny Novgorod, Penza, Saratov, Volgograd, Voronezh, Rostov Oblasts, the Republic of Mordovia and the Krasnodar Krai.
In particular, the Urengoy gas transmission hub expansion and the Northern Tyumen Regions (SRTO) – Torzhok gas trunkline construction are in progress today in order to withdraw additional gas volumes from the Nadym – Pur – Taz region.
The transnational Yamal – Europe gas pipeline runs across four countries: Russia, Belarus, Poland and Germany. The current overall length of the pipeline exceeds 2,000 km. There are 14 compressor stations operational, of which three are in Russia, five – in Belarus, five – in Poland and one – in Germany.
The Yamal – Europe-2 gas pipeline will allow increasing transit capacities of gas supplies to Poland, Slovakia and Hungary, reducing transmission costs, and in the course of time the project will enable to build up the volumes of Russian gas exported to the countries of Central Europe.