The basic document setting forth the gas supply and gasification strategy for Russia's Eastern Siberia and Far East is the state-run Development Program for an integrated gas production, transportation and supply system in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, taking into account potential gas exports to China and other Asia-Pacific countries (Eastern Gas Program).
Gazprom is the Eastern Gas Program coordinator.
To date, new gas production centers have been set up in the Sakhalin Region (offshore the Sakhalin Island) and the Kamchatka Territory. Similar centers are under development in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Irkutsk Region, with another center planned in the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
Natural gas will therefore play a prominent part in the social and economic development of those regions not only through the gasification of localities, but also via the creation of state-of-the-art gas processing and gas chemical facilities.
While developing the gas production center in Sakhalin, Gazprom is active in implementing the Sakhalin II and Sakhalin III projects.
Sakhalin III project
Within the Sakhalin III project Gazprom operates in three blocks: Kirinsky, Ayashsky, and Vostochno-Odoptinsky. The Kirinsky block comprises the Kirinskoye gas and condensate field together with the Yuzhno-Kirinskoye and Mynginskoye gas and condensate fields discovered by Gazprom.
Gas from the Sakhalin III project forms the main resource base for the Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok gas transmission system.
Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok gas transmission system
The Kirinskoye field is located 28 kilometers offshore the north-east coast of the Sakhalin Island in the Sea of Okhotsk. The C1 reserves of the field amount to 162.5 billion cubic meters of gas and 19.1 million tons of gas condensate.
Expected production from the field is 5.5 billion cubic meters of gas per year.
The first gas was extracted from Kirinskoye in October 2013; commercial production started in 2014. At present, the construction of production wells continues.
For the first time in Russia, gas is extracted by a subsea production facility. The facility can produce hydrocarbons in the harshest climates, including even ice conditions, with no platforms or other offshore structures required to be built.
Subsea production facility at Kirinskoye field
The Yuzhno-Kirinskoye field was discovered by Gazprom in 2010. Its С1+С2 reserves amount to 706 billion cubic meters of gas and 110.6 million tons of gas condensate.
Expected production from the field is 21 billion cubic meters of gas per year.
The field is planned to be brought online in 2021. Geological exploration is presently underway.
Exploratory drilling at Yuzhno-Kirinskoye field
The Mynginskoye field was discovered by Gazprom in 2011. Its С1+С2 reserves amount to 19.8 billion cubic meters of gas and 2.5 million tons of gas condensate.
Severnoye Siyaniye (Northern Lights) semi-submersible drilling rig
New field within Kirinsky block
In September 2016, in the course of geological exploration of the Kirinsky block in the Sea of Okhotsk, a prospecting and appraisal well was drilled in the Yuzhno-Lunskaya structure. As a result, a substantial gas and condensate inflow was reported, signaling the discovery of a new field.