Former Soviet Union

The key elements of Gazprom’s strategy for the former Soviet Union are maintaining the appeal of Russian gas to customers and expanding access to end consumers.

Gas supplies

In its cooperation with the countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU), Gazprom primarily seeks to secure natural gas supplies that could meet the needs of their economies.

In 2016, the Gazprom Group sold 33.2 billion cubic meters of gas in the FSU. The net revenue from those sales totaled RUB 309.6 billion (net of customs duties).

Gazprom Group’s gas sales in FSU, billion cubic meters

Gazprom Group’s gas sales in FSU, billion cubic meters

Gas sales in FSU from 2012 through 2016, billion cubic meters
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Azerbaijan 0.1
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Belarus 19.7 19.8 19.6 18.4 18.3
Georgia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kazakhstan 3.7 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.7
Kyrgyzstan 0.1 0.3 0.3
Latvia 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.3
Lithuania 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.2 0.9
Moldova 3.1 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.0
Ukraine 32.9 25.8 14.5 7.8 2.4
Uzbekistan 0.3
Estonia 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4
Total 66.1 66.1 59.4 48.1 40.3
Average gas selling price in FSU (net of VAT, excise tax and customs duties)
 

Year ended December 31

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

RUB/1,000 m3

9,489.5

8,499.9

10,115.9

11,911.0

10,263.1

USD*/1,000 m3

305.3

266.5

262.1

194.2

153.6

EUR*/1,000 m3

237.7

200.5

198.4

175.2

138.7

* The data were not derived from financial statements and were calculated based on exchange rates as of the end of the relevant period.

Gas purchases

Within the framework of cooperation in the field of gas marketing, the Gazprom Group continued to purchase gas from Central Asian countries in 2016, although such procurements were reduced.

Gas purchases in Central Asia and Azerbaijan by Gazprom Group, billion cubic meters
Countries 2013 2014 2015 2016
For supplies to Europe        
Turkmenistan 10.9 11.0 3.1
Uzbekistan 5.7 3.6 3.5 4.3
Kazakhstan 11.9 10.9 12.6 12.7
Azerbaijan 1.4 0.2
For supplies to southern Kazakhstan        
Turkmenistan 0.3
Uzbekistan 3.7 3.7 2.9 1.9
For supplies to Kyrgyzstan        
Uzbekistan 0.04 0.0* 0.0*
Kazakhstan 0.06 0.2 0.2

* Less than 0.05

Over the course of 2016, the Gazprom Group purchased 19.1 billion cubic meters of gas in Central Asia.